Create AutoStopping Rules for Amazon ECS

Updated 2 months ago by Archana Singh

AutoStopping Rule is a dynamic and powerful resource orchestrator for non-production workloads. It automatically shuts down idle resources and runs them on spot instances without worrying about interruptions. For more information, see AutoStopping Rules Overview.

This topic describes how to create AutoStopping Rules for Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS).

AutoStopping Rules are configured for the ECS services. You need to create an AutoStopping Rule for each ECS service. There is a one-to-one mapping between the AutoStopping rule and the ECS service. When AutoStopping is configured for a specific ECS service, AutoStopping Rules monitor the traffic coming into this ECS service and start or stop the ECS tasks based on the traffic and idleness.

The current version of AutoStopping Rules orchestrates the ECS tasks. For the auto scaling groups (ASGs) based ECS clusters, you need a separate setup. However, Fargate clusters do not require any additional setup because the cloud provider charges per task that are running in the cluster.

In this topic:

Before You Begin

Prerequisites

Review: Application Load balancer (ALB) Requirements and Traffic Detection

AutoStopping rules based on ECS can only use the ALB associated with the ECS service. When creating a new AutoStopping rule, you can select the ALB.

Once configured, AutoStopping will monitor network traffic for ALB in order to keep ECS tasks running. When ALB receives no traffic, it is considered idle and ECS tasks are scaled down.

Step 1: Add a Cloud Provider

Perform the following steps to link your AWS cloud account to Harness.

  1. In Cloud Costs, click New AutoStopping Rule.
  2. In AutoStopping Rules, select AWS. It is the cloud account in which your workloads are running that you want to manage using AutoStopping rules.
  3. If you have already linked your AWS account and want to use that account, then select the AWS account from the Connect to your AWS account drop-down list.
  4. If you have not added your cloud account, click Connect to your AWS account drop-down list and then click New Connector. For the detailed steps, see Connect to an AWS Connector.

Step 2: Add a New AutoStopping Rule for an ECS Service

Creating AutoStopping Rules for Amazon ECS involves the following steps:

Define an AutoStopping Rule

  1. In Cloud Costs, in AutoStopping Rules, click New AutoStopping Rule.
  2. In the cloud account type, select AWS. It is the cloud account in which your workloads are running that you want to manage using AutoStopping rules.
  3. Select your AWS account from the Connect to your AWS account drop-down list and click Next. If you have not added an AWS cloud account, see Connect to an AWS Connector.
  4. In Define your AutoStopping rule, in Name your Rule, enter a name for your rule. This is the name of your AutoStopping rule.
  5. In Idle time, enter the idle time in minutes. This is the time that the AutoStopping rule will wait before stopping the idle instances.

Select the Resources to be Managed by the AutoStopping Rule

Select the cloud resources that you want to manage using this rule. AutoStopping Rule will monitor the selected resources and stop them when they are idle beyond the configured idle time.

  1. In Select the resources to be managed by the rule, select ECS Service, and then click Add an ECS Service.
  2. In Select ECS Service, select a region and a cluster to see all the services:
    1. Select the region where your cluster is hosted from the All Regions drop-down list.
    2. Select your cluster from the All Clusters drop-down list.
    3. Select the ECS Service for which you want to enable AutoStopping Rule and click Add Selected.
  3. In Desired Task Count, specify the desired task count for the selected ECS service. This is the number of tasks that Harness will instantiate when your service is up and running. For more information, see Amazon ECS service quotas.

(Optional) Set Up Advanced Configuration

In this step, you can configure the following settings:

  • Add Dependency: Set dependencies between two or more AutoStopping Rules when you want one Rule to make one or more Rules to be active based on the traffic that it receives. See Add Dependency.
  • Fixed Schedules: Create fixed uptime or downtime schedules for the resources managed by this AutoStopping Rule. When a resource is configured to go up or down on a fixed schedule, it is unaffected by activity or idleness during that time period. See Fixed Schedules.
You can skip this step in the following scenarios:

- If you are creating an AutoStopping Rule for an ECS Service that does not have a load balancer associated with it.

- If you do not want to create a DNS link for the resources managed by this AutoStopping rule.

A DNS link allows you to access the resources managed by the AutoStopping rule using an HTTP or HTTPS URL. To create a DNS Link, you need to:

  • Select a Load Balancer: The rule requires a load balancer to detect traffic and shut down appropriate instances. Multiple instances and rules can use a single load balancer. It identifies instances based on hostnames and directs the HTTP traffic appropriately.
  • Select the URL Used to Access the Resources: You can use either of the following methods:
    • Auto-generated URL: You can use the auto-generated URL to access the resources managed by this AutoStopping Rule.
    • Custom URL: If using a custom URL:
      • The domain name should be entered without prefixing the scheme.
      • A rule can have multiple URLs.
      • You can enter comma-separated values into a custom URL to support multiple URLs.
      • AutoStopping rule can also use an additional custom domain. In such a case, it should be configured in the DNS provider.
Select a Load Balancer
  1. In Setup Access, select DNS Link.
  2. Select the load balancer from the drop-down list. The associated load balancer with your ECS service is listed.
Select the URL for Accessing the Resources

You can use either of the following methods:

  • Auto-generated URL
  • Custom URL

Auto-generated URL

Every AutoStopping rule will have an auto-generated URL. This URL will be a subdomain to the domain name specified for the load balancer. Since the load balancer configures a wildcard domain such as *.autostopping.yourcompany.com, the auto-generated URL will work automatically and point to the correct load balancer.

Select Use the auto-generated URL to access the resources managed by this AutoStopping Rule.

Custom URL

AutoStopping rule can use multiple custom domains. In such a case, it should be configured in the DNS provider. AutoStopping Rules also allows you to use custom domains or change the root of your site's URL from the default, like,autostop.harness.io, to any domain you own. To point your site's default domain to a custom domain, you can set it up in your DNS provider.

Enter the custom URL currently used to access the instances. The domain name should be entered without prefixing the scheme. A rule can have multiple URLs. You can enter comma-separated values into a custom URL to support multiple URLs.

Map Your Custom Domain to the Hostname

If you've chosen to use a custom URL to access the resources, you need to map your custom domain to the hostname generated by this AutoStopping Rule. Select your DNS Provider from the list (Route 53 or Others) to proceed with the mapping.

DNS configuration using Route 53: If you select Route 53 account, AutoStopping manages Route 53 configuration automatically. You don’t have to do any changes manually when using Route 53.

DNS configuration using other providers: Perform the following steps:

  1. Select Others.
  2. Once you're done, click Next.

Review

In Review, verify all the configuration details and click Save Rule. To edit any of the configuration settings, click EDIT and modify the settings.

Your AutoStopping rule is listed under the AutoStopping Rules dashboard.

Create AutoStopping Rules with Terraform for ECS Services

You can also use Terraform provider to create AutoStopping Rules. To do so, perform the following steps:

Perform the following steps to create AutoStopping Rules for Terraform.

Step 1: Install Terraform for AutoStopping Rules

To use Terraform you first need to install it. To install Terraform, download the appropriate package for your Operating System:

For more information on installing Terraform, see Install Terraform for AWS and Install Terraform for Azure.

Step 2: Create an API Key

To use a Harness API key, do the following:

  1. In Harness Manager, click Security, and then click Access Management.
  2. Click API Keys.
  3. Click Add API Key.
  4. In the Add API Key settings, enter a name and select your User Group.
  5. Click Submit. The new API key is created.
  6. To copy the API key, first click the Eye icon to reveal the key's value.
  7. Next, click the Copy icon beside the key. This copies the key's value to your clipboard.

Step 3: Obtain Harness Account Identifier

  1. In Harness Manager, click Try NextGen.
  2. In Harness NextGen, navigate to Account Settings.
  3. Copy your Account ID from the Account Overview.
    You need to enter the Account ID in the script.

(Optional) Step 4: Obtain Load Balancer Host Name

Fetch the load balancer details from the Setup Access Using DNS Link section.

Step 5: Run the Script

The following sample script creates an AutoStopping rule for ECS:

terraform {
required_providers {
harness-ccm = {
source = "harness.io/ccm/harness-ccm"
version = "1.0.1"
}
}
}

provider "harness-ccm" {
token = "<harness api token>"
account_identifier = "<harness account identifier>"
}

resource "harness-ccm_autostopping_rule" "RuleName" {
name = "Terraform Ecs rule"
kind = "containers"
cloud_account_id = "<harness cloud account connector id>"
idle_time_mins = 10

load_balancer = "<load balancer host name>"

container {
cluster = "<ECS Cluster Name>"
service = "<Ecs Service Name>"
task_count = 1
region = "us-east-1"
}
}


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